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NOVA – Lisbon Summer School in Linguistics 3-7 July 2017

NOVA FCSH organizes the Lisbon Summer School in Linguistics open to all graduate students interested in enrolling.

 

Courses (6 ECTS each) - Ten courses are offered in the following areas:

 

PSYCHOLINGUISTICS AND GENERATIVE GRAMMAR

  • A. Ianthi Maria Tsimpli (University of Cambridge)

Language development in monolingual and bilingual children

Abstract: The course will begin with theoretical implications of the attested sequence of linguistic phenomena in monolingual development beginning with lexical acquisition and early clause structure up to interface phenomena such as anaphora and adverbial clauses. The timing of these phenomena will be considered in relation to child bilingualism focusing on patterns of crosslinguistic influence (CI) and its theoretical implications for language architecture and its interaction with other cognitive domains. In particular, the lack of CI in morphosyntactic properties such as gender and clitics will be compared to the effects found in subject pronouns and narrative structure.

 

  • Michelle Sheehan (Anglia Ruskin University)

Parameter hierarchies

Abstract: This course will introduce participants to the idea of parameter hierarchies (dependent parameters) as a means to model cross-linguistic variation. We will begin by considering some obvious points of cross-linguistic variation and how they were modelled by classic GB parameters. We will then devise several parameter hierarchies relating to: null subjects, basic clausal alignment, ditransitive alignment and periphrastic causatives, focusing particularly on situating micro-variation in Romance in a broader cross-linguistic picture. Students will be encouraged to think of new applications for parameter hierarchies and to propose amendments to the hierarchies discussed in class on the basis of new data.

 

  • Ludovico Franco (CLUNL/NOVA FCSH)

Obliques: theoretical, typological and experimental perspectives

Abstract: This course aims to explore different notions surrounding oblique structures in natural languages. Building on recent work by Manzini & Franco (2016), Franco & Manzini (2017), I will provide a unified approach to adpositions, inflectional obliques, applicatives and serial verbs, taking into account both argument structure and locative syntax. I will assume that all these items are elementary predicates, expressing a zonal inclusion (part-whole/ possession relation). I will take ergatives, DOMs and chômeurs to be part of this system of elementary relators, providing evidence from sign languages and language contact and change (mainly focusing on Portuguese-based creoles). I will also take a look at language typology addressing from a theoretical perspective the non-existence (or extreme rarity) of languages with an oblique-verb-object order. In the second part of the course, I will present a series of recent experimental works focusing on the processing of oblique constituents.

 

TEXT AND DISCOURSE LINGUISTICS

  1. Florencia Miranda (Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Argentina)

Textos y procesos dialógicos: análisis lingüístico y exploraciones didácticas

Resumen:

Este seminario propone abordar algunos procesos dialógicos que pueden intervenir de formas diversas en la construcción textual. En particular, observaremos los procesos de intertextualidad, intertextualización y retextualización. Analizaremos sus especificidades y los mecanismos (semio)lingüísticos que participan en su constitución. El abordaje lingüístico que proponemos será realizado sobre textos de géneros diversos y se apoyará en instrumentos de análisis desarrollados en el marco del Interaccionismo Sociodiscursivo, con aportes de algunas corrientes de la lingüística textual, del análisis del discurso y de la semiótica. Además de estos análisis, el seminario propone explorar algunas problemáticas que articulan los procesos observados y la enseñanza de lenguas (primera y extranjera/s).

(El seminario será dictado en español o en portugués.)

 

  • Óscar Loureda (Heidelberg University)

Tradición y modernidad de la lingüística del texto de Eugenio Coseriu

Abstract:

Desde hace más de medio siglo, el texto es uno de los objetos a los que mayor número de páginas se ha dedicado, tanto desde la Lingüística propiamente dicha como desde ámbitos científicos afines. Esta aparente unidad cuantitativa concerniente al objeto de estudio no siempre ha ido acompañada, sin embargo, de una homogeneidad ni de las líneas de investigación ni de los objetivos perseguidos. Precisamente por la falta de coincidencia en el objeto de estudio, en la metodología y en los objetivos conviven en la lingüística actual distintas modalidades de la investigación: sin ánimo de ser exhaustivo, del texto se ocupa la Pragmática (con distintas escuelas), la Lingüística del Texto (también con modelos notablemente diversos en su origen, desarrollo y ámbito de operación), el Análisis del Discurso (arca formidable de distintas orientaciones cuyo origen y objetivos van a menudo más allá de los límites de la Lingüística), el Análisis Crítico del Discurso (una hermenéutica para la interpretación de la ideología de los textos), la Teoría de la Argumentación, el Análisis Conversacional, la Etnografía de la Comunicación, la Sociolingüística interaccional, e incluso algunas otras disciplinas que tradicionalmente le habían vuelto la espalda a los hechos del hablar, como la gramática (incluso la gramática histórica) o la semántica (que ha superado los niveles de la palabra y de la oración, para presentarse también como semántica del texto). Debido a esta heterogeneidad, no es infrecuente que en los seminarios de discusión científica se demande con frecuencia la definición universal del objeto “texto” y la articulación en una disciplina global de todos los enfoques y orientaciones, de manera que, manteniendo sus respectivos objetivos parciales, pudieran combinarse para explicar globalmente las dimensiones “reales” y “funcionales” del texto.

Abordar “integralmente” el análisis del texto, entonces, significaría no sólo explicar enteramente el objeto del análisis, el texto, sino también hacer compatibles los hallazgos metodológicos de las distintas orientaciones de la lingüística actual. Para esta tarea, razonable e incluso deseable, pero todavía no planteada de manera consecuente, las distinciones de Coseriu pueden ser una referencia firme.

(clases en español)

 

  • Maria Antónia Coutinho, Matilde Gonçalves & Audria Leal  (CLUNL, NOVA FCSH)

Texte, connaissance et action: théories et pratiques

Abstract: Ce cours se propose d’approfondir une approche praxéologique et épistémique des textes, en analysant (i) le rapport entre activités sociales et genres de textes; (ii) le rôle joué par les ressources linguistiques et multimodales engagées dans l’élaboration de connaissances et le développement de l’action, dans des textes associés à différentes activités.

(Cours en français ou portugais)

 

TERMINOLOGY AND LEXICOGRAPHY

  • Jean Pruvost (Université Cergy-Pontoise) & Teresa Lino (CLUNL, NOVA FCSH)

Lexicographie et Métalexicographie

Abstract: La lexicologie, c’est-à-dire l’étude scientifique des mots, de leur morphologie, de leurs sens et de leur histoire, la lexicographie, qui comprend la recherche scientifique sur un corpus de mots, la dictionnairique, correspondant à la réalisation d’un dictionnaire avec toutes ses contraintes éditoriales, la métalexicographie, l’histoire des dictionnaires monolingues et bilingues d’hier à aujourd’hui, informatique comprise, et l’analyse de leur contenu, ce sont là autant de disciplines qui nous sont chères et pour lesquelles nous souhaitons offrir d’une part une série de concepts opératoires, d’autre part des synthèses efficaces. On partira systématiquement de cas concrets, en offrant une perspective interculturelle.

Pour Jean Pruvost sera aussi l’occasion de faire part de son expérience, en tant qu’auteur de dictionnaires, d’ouvrages sur les dictionnaires, de directeur éditorial et de responsable d’un laboratoire CNRS consacré aux vocabulaires et aux dictionnaires. On ne s’interdira pas d’évoquer par ailleurs ce genre particulier auquel correspondent les chroniques de langue.

 

  • Raquel Amaro & Rute Costa (CLUNL, NOVA FCSH)

Specialized lexicon: perspectives, analyses and results

Abstract: Having specialized lexicon as epicenter, this seminar intends to account for different theoretical and methodological perspectives through the discussion and questioning of the analyses of linguistic and terminological resources, namely corpora, terminologies, WordNet’s.  One of the central goals of the seminar is the confrontation of approaches and the opening to the diversity of work and research developed in the areas of Terminology and Computational Lexical Semantics.

The seminar will be organized in theoretical and practical sessions concerning the areas mentioned above, and will contemplate a last session of participative debate, guided by the lecturers.

(Working languages: Portuguese or English/French)

 

  • Christophe Roche  (Université de Savoie – France)

Knowledge Representation for Terminology

Abstract: Terminology is a scientific discipline, which relies both on Knowledge Theory and Linguistics. Insofar there is no Terminology without specialised knowledge as well as there is no term without concept – a term is a “verbal designation of a general concept in a specific domain” [ISO 1087-1] – this course will focus on the Knowledge dimension of Terminology.

After the presentation of two terminology-oriented IT applications (a specialized dictionary and a multilingual semantic search engine for content management system), the first part will introduce to Terminology and its principles highlighting the double dimension of Terminology, linguistic and conceptual. The study of texts from the Logic of Port Royal, Leibniz, Locke, Condillac, Lavoisier, and Frege will enable to understand the scientific foundations of Terminology and the importance of formal languages, i.e. Logic, for Terminology.

The second part will be devoted to Knowledge Theory through the study of epistemological principals for understanding the world and organizing the objects which populate it. Such principles lead to define notions like object, concept, class, attributes, relations, etc. These “categories of thought” requires specific languages dedicated to knowledge representation, for instances Logic and languages coming from Artificial Intelligence. Most of these languages are computer readable and thereby allow operationalization of terminologies for IT applications: computer aided translation, content management systems, multilingual semantic search, knowledge management, etc.

A computer readable representation of a conceptual system directly leads to Ontology coming from Knowledge Engineering. Ontology, defined as a formal and computer readable specification of a conceptualization, constitutes one of the most promising perspectives for Terminology and its operationalization. The third part will present the different approaches of ontology illustrated by some examples. The issue of ontology building, from texts or from experts, will be presented in details. We shall see that the network of terms and the network of concepts do not match.

The last part is dedicated to merging Ontology and Terminology in a single paradigm. Putting first ontology in Terminology work implies to “rethink” Terminology in its principles and methods. This leads to the new paradigm of Ontoterminology, a terminology whose conceptual system is a formal ontology. Such an approach allows to distinguish between the definition of term written in natural language, considered as a linguistic explanation, and definition of concept written in a formal language, considered as a logical and objective specification; thereby preserving the linguistic diversity. The language, even specialized, does not let standardized.

Note: The course will be illustrated by examples taken from industrial applications.

ISO 1087-1. 2000. Terminology work - Vocabulary - Part 1: Theory and application. Geneva: International Standards Organisation.

 

COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS

  • Vito Evola (CLUNL, NOVA FCSH)

Multimodal Communication and Cognition: Language, Metaphors, and Gestures

Abstract: Spoken language provides an insight into how people think, and it is but one modality humans use to communicate. This course will present fundamentals of Cognitive Linguistics and Gesture Studies, with a focus on the interaction of language, gesture and the mind.

Particular attention will be dedicated to how the metaphors used in everyday life influence, not only the "quality" of our speech, but also the way we think and the way we behave in our societies. Empirical data will be shown included from the domains of forensic linguistics, psychotherapy, and anthropological linguistics.

The goal of this course is to motivate students towards multimodal linguistic analyses (speech and gesture) as an insight into speakers' minds and societies, as well as to provide theoretical and practical tools for conducting such investigations (e.g. how to elicit, collect and analyze multimodal data).

1. Language and thought

2. Language, culture, and mind

3. Conceptual metaphors and frames

4. Gestures and language

5. Incorporating the concepts in your own research

 

Schedule

Time

Psycholinguistics & Generative Grammar

Text & Discourse Linguistics

Terminology & Lexicography

Cognitive

Linguistics

9h00 – 12h00

Tsimpli

Miranda

Pruvost & Lino

 

14h00-17h00

Sheehan

Loureda

Amaro & Costa

Evola

17h30-20h30

Franco

Coutinho, Gonçalves & Leal

Roche

 

 

Venue:

The Summer School will take place at NOVA FCSH – Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, at Avenida de Berna, 26.

 

Registration

Price per course: 90 €

Students enrolled in Doctoral Program in Linguistics at NOVA FCSH: Free

Students enrolled in any Doctoral Program at Universidade NOVA de Lisboa: 1st course – Free; other courses: 50 € each

 

General public:

Registration in a single course: 90 €;

Registration in 2 courses: 120€;

Registration in 3 courses: 150€.

 

Special payment conditions for participants covered by protocols with NOVA FCSH (to be defined on a case-by-case basis, depending on the protocol).

 

Registration is made by sending an email to linguistica@fcsh.unl.pt with the following information:

 

Name

Institution

Course(s) to be attended

 

Payment will be received at the check-in (first day of the Summer School).

Registration is open until June 20.

 

Accommodation

Check the following links for cheap accommodation in Lisbon:

http://www.lisb-onhostel.com/

http://www.budgetplaces.com/lisbon/budget-hotels-list/

Hotels

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Hotel Principe Lisboa

Av.Duque de Ávila nº201, 1050-082 Lisboa

 

SANA Executive Hotel

Av. Conde de Valbom, 56, 1050-069 Lisboa

 

VIP Inn Berna Hotel

Av. António Serpa, 13, 1069-199 Lisboa

 

VIP Executive Zurique Hotel

Rua Ivone Silva, 18, 1050-124 Lisboa

 

**

Hotel Ibis Lisboa Saldanha

Av. Casal Ribeiro nº23, 1000-090 Lisboa

 

Hotel Italia

Av. Visconde Valmor, 67, 1050-239 Lisboa

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